Saturday, March 28, 2015

Genealogy Do-Over Week 12

We are in week the home stretch for the first session of the Genealogy Do-Over and this is week twelve. Our topics this week are sharing research and reviewing research travel options.

Sharing Research

I have been very fortunate when asking for help from other researchers. I have also been given research done by other family members many years ago. However, regardless of this I do my due diligence and verify every scrap of information passed on to me. I am always happy to share my research and I will do whatever I can to help someone and it is sometimes a bright shining object (BSO) for me depending on the family involved. I also expect whoever I share my research to do the same with my research. I love being able to share my research efforts with someone new and I like to be able to pay it forward for those who have helped me too. 

All of the above being said, I have a few observations I would like to point out regarding my views about sharing research in general. I am big Ancestry user with multiple trees and not all of them are related to me. First, I have trees (15 to be exact) that are part of my volunteer research that I did for the upcoming Global Family Reunion in June. I am uncomfortable sharing this information because (1) it is not my family and (2) I feel that I should request permission to release this information from the coordinator of this project. Second, I have been helping several friends with their own personal trees and I do not release information without their consent. And finally I will not release any information regarding any living family members without consent of the person or persons involved.

Do's and Don'ts of Collaboration and Sharing

I agree always Be Nice! The genealogy community is a small world and with social media it maybe getting just a little bit larger. This means that how you answer queries from other researchers may be posted "everywhere" as a "beware of __________, they are _____.", I will let you fill in the blanks. Being kind and generous with those who  approach you and those you approach can make the world of difference to a new genealogist/researcher but also to the more experienced genealogist/researcher as well.

If you are going to share and/or collaborate with another researcher the work you have painstakingly done and vice versa, then Attribution should be given to all parties. I have not actively and/or directly collaborated with anyone in regards to my genealogy research in such a detailed endeavor, at least not that I am aware of anyway. I have however in the past received information that were given to me by other researchers which I used as a springboard to find other clues. None of the research I have been given had sources, only the name of the person who compiled the information. I have created source citations with the researchers name, the type of information shared & the family it pertains to, the date it was received and page number. When I share my research I usually do it in a report from Family Tree Maker which includes my name, contact information and sources.

My preferred way to get information is to reciprocate in kind, I don't just take it and run.  For example, when I ask someone to share information their research with me the first thing I do is to be sure that once I have finished with the said person and/or family I requested information on, I then forward a copy of an individual family report. This research will have all of my sources pertaining to the person and/or family I requested information about, my research notes regarding any information I disagree with if applicable, and if I have a picture then I include that as well. 

One thing I learned from Thomas MacEntee in a webinar titled, "Google for Genealogists" which he did for Legacy Family Tree in 2011 (year is from the CD I purchased) was to create an Alert using Google. However, until reading this I never thought to use it for my research or my blog. Thank you, Thomas, for the reminder and my new alerts have been set! I have two more things I would like to add to the Do's and Don'ts list. 

Provide Information When Asking for Help

When you are asking someone for help, Provide as much information as you can on the person or family you are seeking information on. For example if you are contacting me and you want information about William Williams please provide as much detail as you know. Here is what I want to know, since Williams is a popular name, I would want the person asking for the information to provided dates of birth and death, places of birth and death, parents if known and spouse(s) if known and any children that this person might have had. Finally, if you are contacting me through Ancestry.com I will need you to tell me what tree you saw this person because I have more than one tree. So why do I want to know this? (1) I have multiple William Williamses in my tree, six of them to be exact. (2) I have multiple trees, (15 and 7 of those belong to friends) and not all of them are directly related to me.


Don't be a Bully! 

Whether you are asking for help or you find that someone has incorrect or outdated information do not Bully them! An excellent example of this would be a researcher who contacted me directly via Ancestry about six years ago and I was a newbie to Ancestry. He very rudely told me that if I could not spell his surname correctly I had no business doing family history. I didn't have it misspelled for my particular branch but it was a surname with more than four variations. I politely informed him of this and he verbally threatened me that if I did not fix my tree to the correct spelling he would be contacting Ancestry. Was I intimidated by this man, Yes, but I knew Ancestry would not do anything to me. However I was afraid that this man could post negative comments about me via message boards or perhaps to other researchers. So, I went in and changed the surname and listed every variation possible for every person with that surname. 

My plan for do's and don'ts for and with my genealogy research is simple, I will keep sharing my research via my blog, Facebook and Ancestry.com. I will make sure that my sources are accurate, I will ensure that my proven and unproven research is clear and concise enough for anyone to understand. When I have finished my new and improved trees, I will follow Thomas's recommendation about adding an unsourced tree with a clear description and disclaimer that I will provide my evidence, research methodology and sources upon request.

Reviewing Research Travel Options

I am very fortunate that a lot of my research is done within an eight to ten hour drive from my home. When I go to visit my parents, I try to do get in as much genealogy as I can by talking with my parents, looking for gravesites of my husband's family and sharing information with my niece who is interested in genealogy. Whenever, whereever and however I can I will always find something genealogy related to do. 

Sponsored Research Trips, Genealogy Cruises and More
  • Genealogy Society Trips
  • Individual or Vendor-Sponsored Trips
  • Individually Tailored Trips
  • Genealogy Cruises
Organized trips such as those sponsored by genealogical societies, vendor-sponsored, individual sponsors and genealogy cruises are great. Some of these trips may include transportation to and from the airport to the host hotel, a couple of breakfast and lunch seminars/meetings and there may be a dinner event sponsored by a genealogical society and/or vendor (or two) depending on the type and/or length of the event. One perk to consider is that you may be able to have a consultation with a professional genealogist who may have very specific areas of research which you do not. Genealogy cruises also have the perk of a vacation within the conference you are attending. Another perk to consider is that you may find a genealogy based trip that may take you close to an ancestral country and you might be able to book a few extra days at the beginning or end of your trip depending upon the vendor. The part of these types of trips are the connections you make whether they are personal or professional or perhaps both and it can all be a fabulous adventure.

Do-It-Yourself Research Trips

I consider myself to be a good traveler especially since I am a former travel agent with experience in traveling abroad. These are great things to consider when planning any trip.
  • What type of traveler are you?
  • Preparation & Packing
  • Preferred Mode of Transportation
  • Accomodations
  • Expenses
  • Emergencies and Last Minute Changes
What type of traveler are you?

I am a relaxed and easy traveler. I always bring a good book or two, magazines. I prefer to be at the airport at least 90 minutes early to determine if there are any delays or changes such a new gate assignment.

Preparation & Packing

It depends on where I am going, how long I will be gone and what I will be doing as to when I start my packing. As I travel agent I learned the secret of how to maximize my packing space! Regardless of how long the trip maybe, my packing starts as I do any necessary laundry. I start pulling together my genealogy materials at least a week before my scheduled trip so that I have the latest updated information at my fingertips. 

Preferred Mode of Transportation

Planes

I like traveling by plane. I find it relaxing and enjoyable. In my carry-on bag I keep a few things that I consider "must haves" if I am flying. My "must haves" are ear plugs (for crying babies and snoring passengers), lip balm and a pair of sandals or flip flops. Why sandals or flip flops? On long flights my feet sometimes swell so I keep these handy just in case because they are easy to slip on and off.

Have you had any surgeries that required "medical metal" as I call it, such as rods, plates and screws? I have and I tend to set off the scanning machines at the airport. If you are like me then you might want to see this link (http://www.tsa.gov/sites/default/files/publications/disability_notification_cards.pdf). It does not exempt you from a search or screening by Transportation Security Administration (TSA) but it allows you to let them know without the entire area knowing your personal issues. I also recommend checking TSA's website (http://www.tsa.gov/) for any recent changes before leaving home.

For me, traveling overseas means acclimating myself to the time difference before I leave so that the jet lag doesn't interfere too badly. The best piece of advice I ever received from a fellow travel agent is this, If you are going to being crossing the international date line, you may want to consider consulting your medical care provider for a short term prescription of sleeping medication (or if you prefer, use an over the counter product) to help you sleep on the plane in both directions. You will wake up much more refreshed!

Trains

I have always wanted to travel by train! However, living in the Carolina's are options are limited. Train travel in the south is not as prevalent as it is in other parts of the country. My sons traveled by train from Charlotte, NC to Greensboro, NC after moving in with their Dad and until they had obtained their driver's license. 

Automobiles

I also enjoy traveling by car and I have to be in the front seat for any trip over 2 or 3 hours otherwise I get quite car sick. I love the freedom that driving provides such as creating my own schedule, stopping when I want, the scenery and GPS. The only drawback is that I tend to pack much more than is really necessary. However, it does allow me to take more in terms of genealogy related items such as a large portable scanner, my cemetery kit and more files.

Accomodations

Now this is where I am picky!  

If I am lucky enough to be researching in area where I have family and/or friends living and it is not an inposition for them during those dates I plan to be in the area, then I prefer to stay with them because it will allow us to catch up. Hopefully, I will get a few family interviews in too. 

I don't need to stay at the most luxourious hotel with all the bells and whistles. What I do need is a hotel where I will feel comfortable, safe (doors accessible and no rooms with outside doors, I prefer hotels where all the doors are accessible from inside the hotel. No matter what chain of hotels you are staying at, they are not all equal. In some areas a Days Inn can be a 4 star property and in others you wouldn't even think of considering it. My wish list for a hotel room is a sitting area, desk, mini-fridge, a pool (indoor or outdoor), room service and/or at least have good eateries close by.

Expenses

As noted abouve, if I can stay with family that is by far first preference. It will also help my budget too. Keeping expenses down while traveling is hard even with a budget because you never know what might happen. 

I am a change thief!! When my husband comes home from work he deposits his loose change on the bar. He also leaves it in the car too. My philosphy is once he goes to bed, it is mine! I also collect the change from pocketbook and wallet at the same time and keep it in a old cosmetics bag and carry it with me when I am researching in the respositories that I go to for making copies as well as feeding the parking meter. In a few months time I usually $30.00 to $50.00. I save my credit card for spurleges.

Emergencies and Last Minute Changes

I am a relatively calm person and react well in emergencies. I do have some first aid training, I know how to perform CPR, the Heimlech Manuever and I can tie a tourniquet if need be. Along with being a travel agent I was also a certified nursing assistant. 

As someone with a "colorful" medical history that includes multiple food and drug allergies I am always prepared for the worst. I never leave home without my medical history form that I prepared about 10 years ago and modify as needed. It includes my name, address, home and cell phone numbers, my insurance information, my emergency contacts, my blood type, a list of my medications both prescriptions and over the counter meds, a list of my medical issues, a list of all surgeries, and a list of any type of medical devices (like pins, rods, plates and screws) and where they are located. Here is a sample of what a demo of my medical history form looks like https://docs.google.com/document/d/1iu7lBwNf36EcKPiTT-B6ZNQzIqVRcWvXCCnl5LH97yI/edit?usp=sharing. I would also include the hospitals, urgent care facilities and pharmacies near my hotel in whatever city I am visiting.

I never leave home without making sure that my family knows where I am going. As a young kid I started doing this and I made sure that my kids did it too. When Tommy and I traveling together I send our itinerary to our son David and my Mom that way there at least two people who know the details. When I am traveling by myself I leave my itinerary with Tommy, David and Mom. Some habits, whether good or bad never leave you!

Sources: Thomas MacEntee, "Google for Genealogists" recorded webinar for Legacy Family Tree and Millenia Corporation, 2011 "No Bully Zone", www.bing.com (http://www.bing.com/images/search?&q=images+of+a+bully&qft=+filterui:license-L2_L3_L4_L5_L6_L7&FORM=R5IR39#view=detail&id=B98C3A00470426305A71C2A64DAEC6B5514A310C&selectedIndex=19 : accessed 26 March 2015) Original Source: Inquisition: The Debate Continues, blog (https://sheokhanda.wordpress.com/2009/11/04/bullies-and-psychology/ : accessed 25 March 2015).
Copyright © Dawning Genealogy/Dawn M Kogutkiewicz 2014-2015, All rights reserved. 



Saturday, March 21, 2015

52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks -Week 11 - My Mormon Pioneers - Charles Coulson Rich & Emeline Grover Part 7


Emeline Grover Rich Source: Charles C. Rich and His Six Wives

Charles Coulson Rich and his first wife Sarah DeArmon Pea chose Emeline Grover to be his fifth wife. Emeline was born on July 30th, 1831. She was the second daughter of Thomas Grover, III and Caroline Whiting Grover in Freedom, New York. Her parents converted to the newly formed Mormon church sometime between 1830-1834. As a child, Emeline felt and witnessed first hand the uprisings, violence and persecution that were directed at her Mormon community for their religious beliefs. Emeline's father, Thomas, was a personal bodyguard for the Prophet, Joseph Smith. Because of Thomas Grover's position with the Prophet, the Smith and Grover families were very close.

In 1835 the family moved to Kirtland, Ohio where he helped build the temple. From Ohio, the family moved to Far West, Missouri, where they endured religious persecution. The family fled from Missouri in 1839, went to Quincy and the Nauvoo (formerly Commerce), Illinois, where her mother Caroline and her sister Emma both died in October 1840. This left Thomas alone with six little girls under the age of twelve to care for on his own. How terrified young Emeline must have been during these turbulent times.

By late 1845 or early 1846 Emeline found herself working in the home Charles Coulson Rich. As it became clear to the Rich family that they would be heading out west Charles and his first wife, Sarah DeArmon Pea Rich decided that Emeline should become the fifth wife of Charles. After speaking with Emeline and her father, Thomas Grover and obtaining their consent to marriage, Charles and Emeline went to the Nauvoo Temple where they were married on February 2nd, 1846 by Heber C. Kimball. Emeline was 15 years old when she married Charles Coulson Rich.

The early years of her marriage to Charles could not have been easy for Emeline. She had no sooner wed him, then they were fleeing from Nauvoo and starting the trek to the Great Salt Lake Basin. I can imagine that sleeping in tents or in wagons were not exactly conducive to encouraging this young woman in the intimate and private ways of a husband and wife. This was a journey of hardship for all who traveled in the company. They dealt with the weather, from wind and rain to snow, ice and bitter cold. There were food shortages, illnesses, injuries and death to overcome. The company traveled by wagon, handcarts and of course walking. Due to the Mexican-American War (1846-1848) many of the young men joined the Mormon Battalion, when the federal government came calling for volunteers. This meant that the women of the company had to drive the wagons and pull the handcarts or they would be left behind. 

However, through it all Emeline persevered and accepted the challenges that she faced. When they finally arrived in Salt Lake in October of 1847, there was much to do to prepare for the coming winter. Emeline lived with her father Thomas during that first winter in Salt Lake. She also attended the school which was taught by Alvira Cole Holmes. Then in 1848, her father moved to Centerville, Utah and she was left to manage her father's newly built log cabin home. It was in this home that Emeline began teaching school herself.

By the fall of 1849, Emeline was pregnant with their first child and Charles was called to go on a mission to California. Their son, Thomas Grover Rich was born in December 1849 while Charles was in California. Charles returned in November of 1850 from California. By the spring of 1851, Charles was called to go once again to California. This time he was called upon to  begin the Mormon settlement of San Bernadino, California. Emeline along with two of Charles's other wives, Mary Ann Phelps and Harriet Sargent would make the trek to California. They left Salt Lake in March of 1851, with just over 400 men, women and children.

The trek from Salt Lake to San Bernadino was just as grueling and maybe more so than the journey from Nauvoo. They endured the some of the same hardships as they had previously experienced but now they also faced new ones as well. Within Utah they had had to deal with blizzards, mud and Indian attacks. During this trip they had to cross two deserts, one in Nevada and the other in California and they were long hot, dry, and dusty miles. They had to carry water not only for themselves but for the animals that traveled with them. Once they emerged from the Sierra-Nevada Mountain into the valley of San Bernadino the company halted. For three months they stayed here making repairs to wagons and carts, purchasing food for hundreds with less than $1,000 dollars, and making preparations for the remainder of their journey including the purchase of land for their settlement.

Emeline was thrilled to finally have a home after spending so much time out in the open country. She relished taking care of her home and her son Thomas. After more than a year in San Bernadino, Emeline gave birth to her first daughter in January of 1852. The child was named Caroline Whiting after her maternal grandmother who died twelve years before. During the first few years of the settlement of San Bernadino, Charles would become the second mayor of the community. She and Charles would have another daughter, Nancy Emeline who was born in February of 1854. During the year of 1854, as the community was prospered there were also signs new challenges and old rumblings from the past that were bringing flashes of Far West and Independence, Missouri; Kirtland, Ohio and Nauvoo, Illinois. 

 Caroline Whiting Rich Humpherys Source: Charles C. Rich - Mormon General and Western Frontiersman

In the fall of 1854, Emeline and her children headed back to the Salt Lake Valley in the company of her husband as he was called to return for a general conference. They traveled in a small group with ten other people. Why did Emeline leave San Bernadino at this time while Mary Ann and Harriet stayed? It is said that she no longer felt her services were required there in San Bernadino and Charles must have agreed. However, Emeline was happy to be back and living now in Centerville, Utah. Over the course of the next ten years she would give birth to three more sons, Landon Jedediah who was born in March of 1858, Samuel Joseph who was born in May 1860 and Heber Charles Chase who was born in August of 1863. On the day that Samuel was born, Charles left for his mission to Europe and it would be two years before he ever met Samuel

 Nancy Emeline Rich Pugmire Source: Charles C. Rich - Mormon General and Western Frontiersman

With Charles on his mission to Europe his families were left with little means to support themselves. Like Sarah D., Eliza, Mary Ann, and Sarah Jane, Emeline supported her family with her skills as a seamstress making not only her own clothes but her daughters clothes as well. She was always learning some new skill for her needlework. She learned needle skills from the best of her fellow pioneering women and from Native American women she learned the art of sewing buckskin gloves, a skill she shared with other women in her community. 

By June of 1864, the Rich family were moving from Utah, north to the area Bear Lake, Idaho where Charles was once again called upon for a mission to start yet another settlement. At this point, Emeline Grover Rich was thirty-three years old and had six children. The last two children of Charles and Emeline Rich were born in Bear Lake, Idaho, Joel Hezekiah and George Quayle, in March of 1865 and George in March of 1869, respectively. 

Those first several winters in Idaho were as difficult as the other journey's that Emeline had been through thus far. Their home had three rooms with only a fireplace in the front room, the floors were made of dirt while the windows were covered in muslin until glass could be installed. The roof of their home was made from willows, straw and then covered with a heavy layering of dirt. The winters here would have been very long and severe in Idaho which resulted in the loss of cattle and food that was not prepared properly for storage under such conditions. 

Women in these early days of pioneering did not like for male doctors to attend them during childbirth. Doctors were scarce in these early days and matters were not helped when leaders of the Mormon church spoke of their bias against them. For these reasons a midwife system was put in place. Emeline was part of this network of midwives who carried out the role of midwife but also the roles of nurse, physician and pharmacist. In these roles her services were in high demand and while she treated illnesses such as pneumonia, diptheria, typhoid and scarlet fever, small pox and cholera she also set broken bones and on ocassion extracted bad teeth but it was her duties as midwife that made up the majority of her practice.

The Sons of Emeline Grover Rich & Charles C. Rich Source: Charles C. Rich - Mormon General and Western Frontiersman

Charles and Emeline's daughter Nancy Emeline married Vincent McKay Pugmire in 1873 and Caroline married Hyrum Thomas Humphreys in 1874. Their eldest son, Thomas Grover was killed accidently in July 1878 and in 1880, Charles suffered a stroke. In June of 1889, Eliza Ann Graves Rich, second wife of Charles passed away. As the fall of 1881 began, Emeline decided that she would return to Provo, Utah with her five remaining children, Landon, Samuel, Heber, Joel and George. She rented a large house, took in boarders, continued her work as a nurse and would accompany doctors on house calls. She also enrolled the boys at Brigham Young Academy (now known as Brigham Young University). Emeline and the boys returned to Provo again in the fall of 1882 so that they could continued with their education.

At some point Emeline enrolled at The Medical College of Utah, in Morgan, Utah. The college was founded in January of 1880 by Dr. Frederick S. Kohler and after two years was forced to close its doors. The fee for students was $80.00 per term (what a baragin!) and students were taught the latest medical techniques. In 1882 the college announced six graduates, one of whom was listed as Mrs. E. Rich of Idaho. Of the four graduates there is only information on two of them, the first being Benjamin Rush Kohler of Pennsylvania and son of the dean, Dr. F. S. Kohler. Emeline Grover Rich by all accounts a brillant student who had been a practicing midwife for many years prior to attending the medical college. Upon graduation she received her diploma and was listed as a member of the faculty specializing in obstetrics, unfortunately she never never had the opportunity to teach.

In February of 1886, Emeline's father Thomas Grover passed away in Centerville, Utah. After his death, she felt a calling to do Temple work in honor of her family who had died. As the fall of 1890 began, Emeline put her house in order and locked it up, made arrangements for the care of livestock and went to Logan, Utah. She lived with her sons, George and Heber while she pursued her Temple work. The records indicate she did work for her mother, whom she lost at such a tender age, and is credited with obtaining a rare, valuable book on her maternal line of Spauldings. Emeline continued her Temple work until about 1898 at which time she returned to her home in Idaho.

 Emeline Grover Rich Source: Charles C. Rich and His Six Wives

Emeline Grove Rich spent her remaining years practicing medicine, taking care of her home and being active in her community. She was very proud of her children and their accomplishments in life. Emeline learned at an early age that life could be hard and she overcame those hardships to be a woman with grit and determination, self-confident, and a source of strength and hope to her family and her community. Emeline passed away at home on May 4th, 1917 in Paris, Idaho.

Copyright © Dawn M Kogutkiewicz 2014-2015, All rights reserved. 

Sources: 
Ancestry.com. Heart Throbs of the West [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1998. Original data: Kate Carter. Heart Throbs of the West. Vol. I-XII. Salt Lake City, UT, USA: Daughters of the Utah Pioneers, 1947.
Ancestry.com. Idaho History [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2003.p. 680; Original data: French, Hiram T.. History of Idaho. Vol. I-III. Chicago and New York, USA: Lewis Publishing, 1914.
Ancestry.com. Membership of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830-1848 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013 citing Susan Easton Black, compiler. Membership of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830–1848. 50 vols. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Religious Studies Center, 1989. Private Donor.  
Ancestry.com. LDS Pioneer and Handcart Companies, 1847-1856 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com, 2013, citing Susan E.  Black Pioneers of 1847: A Sesquicentennial Remembrance. Provo, Utah: © 1980. Private donor. Members of the Ellsworth and McArthur Handcart Companies of 1856 © 1982. Private donor., Members of the Willie and Martin Handcart Companies of 1856: A Sesquicentennial Rememberance. Provo, Utah:  © 1980.
Ancestry.com, Utah, Our Pioneer Heritage [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc. 1998, Vol. 4 pg 229 and Vol. 6 pp. 419-421 by Kate B. Carter; Original data: Internations Society, Daughters of Utah Pioneers. Our Pioneer Heritage. Salt Lake City, UT, USA: Infobases, Inc. 1996. 
California Genealogy, "Mormons in San Bernadino County", (http://www.californiagenealogy.org/sanbernardino/mormons.htm : accessed 20 March 2015)
California Saints: A 150- Year Legacy in the Golden State, Chapter 10: The San Bernadino Colony: 1851-1857, (http://rsc.byu.edu/archived/california-saints-150-year-legacy-golden-state/chapter-10-san-bernardino-colony#_edn10 : accessed 20 March 2015
Charles C. Rich - Mormon General and Western Frontiersman, Leonard J. Arrington, Brigham Young University Press, Provo, Utah, 1974, pp. 293-296, PDF Download digitally imaged at _ Family Search_ (https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE96564&from=fhd : accessed September 2014).
Edith Parker Haddock, Dorothy Hardy Matthews, History of Bear Lake Pioneers, Daughters of Utah Pioneers. Bear Lake County Company, 1968, pp.695-697, PDF Download digitally imaged at (https://www.gengophers.com/book.html#/book/14837 : accessed 18 March 2015); citing original at Blackfoot Idaho Family History Center, Blackfoot, Idaho. 
Emeline Grover Rich, Autobiography and diary 1890-1909, 25-19, Trail Excerpt (https://history.lds.org/overlandtravels/trailExcerptMulti?lang=eng&pioneerId=578&sourceId=18017 : accessed on 19 March 2015
Genealogy Trails, "Mrs. Emeline G. Rich (http://genealogytrails.com/ida/bearlake/bios/bios_r.html : accessed 19 March 2015); [Source: Progressive men of Bannock, Bear Lake, Bingham, Fremont and Oneida counties; By A.W. Bowen & Co; Publ. 1904; Transcribed and submitted by Andrea Stawski Pack.]
Mormons in San Bernadino County, California http://www.californiagenealogy.org/sanbernardino/mormons.htm  
Online Utah, "History of Frederick S. Kohler", (http://www.onlineutah.com/kohler_frederick_s_history.shtml : 19 March 2015)
Nina W. Palmer, Compiler, "Emeline Grover Rich" Charles C. Rich and His Six Wives, pp. 264-302; PDF Download, digitally imaged at (https://dcms.lds.org/delivery/DeliveryManagerServlet?dps_pid=IE4786662&from=fhd : accessed 1 March 2015).
Robert T. Divett, "The Medical College of Utah at Morgan", Bulletin of the Medical Library Association 48.1 (1960): 1-10, pp.6-7,(http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC200434/?pageindex=6#page : accessed 19 March 2015).